Trent Reznor has grown from being largely known as an industrial musician to a jack-of-all-trades in the music industry, donning many hats that include singer, songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist and record producer to name a few. As Nine Inch Nails (NIN), Reznor brought industrial music to the mainstream with his debut release, Pretty Hate Machine. Touring with a full backing band, Reznor was able to reach a wider alternative rock audience with his music. Industrial works soon became more accessible inspired by the genius of Reznor's melodic songs and lyrics. NIN's albums Broken, The Downward Spiral, and The Fragile broke the Top 20 on the Billboard charts, and set Reznor up to cross over into other genres such as metal, dance, and electronica. Singles "Wish" and "Happiness in Slavery" garnered Grammy awards for Best Metal Performance in 1992 and 1995, while "The Day the World Went Away" and "The Hand That Feeds" reached the #1 spot on the Hot 100.
Always one to exceed expectations, Reznor broke the mold again with his 2008 release, Ghosts I-IV – an entirely instrumental album that debuted on his new imprint, Null Corporation. Ghosts I-IV and Reznor's follow-up, The Slip, began his collaborations with engineer Atticus Ross, who has since become the other half of Reznor's film scoring team, which has further diversified his music career. In 2010, Reznor and Ross teamed up with Mariqueen Maandig (Reznor's wife) and Rob Sheridan (longtime NIN art director) to form the new musical group How to Destroy Angels.
Reznor's brooding soundtrack to David Fincher's The Social Network was recognized with the Academy Award and Golden Globe for Best Original Score in 2011. Though he had Fincher's direction on creating a score without an orchestra, Reznor's challenge was unique. Rather than scoring for varying environments and epic scenes, Reznor and Ross had to create a compelling score to accompany groups of people having discussions in rooms. The soundtrack's success expanded the versatility of what could be done with film scores. Fincher teamed up again with Reznor for this year's film adaptation of Stieg Larsson's The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, another film score that saw Reznor nominated for numerous industry awards.